Market Week: January 30, 2023

The week in review

  • 4Q Real GDP: +2.9% annualized
  • PCE Price Index: +0.1% m/m
  • Pending Home Sales: +2.5% m/m
  • Initial claims fell to 186k

The week ahead

  •  FOMC Meeting
  • Nonfarm Payrolls
  • Mfg. and Services PMIs

Thought of the week

While the federal minimum wage will likely remain unchanged from $7.25, 27 states and D.C. planned state minimum wage increases for 2023. On January 1, 23 increases went into effect that could drive wage growth higher in January’s jobs report. The increases thus far have raised the U.S. population-weighted average minimum wage to $10.87 from $10.45, a 4.0% increase. Once the remaining increases are carried out, that average wage will rise to $10.96 for a total increase of 4.8%.

Regionally, scheduled increases vary: the Northeast will experience the fastest growth compared to last year of 6.1%, while the South, with only four states and D.C. raising their minimum wages, will experience the slowest growth of 3.4%. The West and Midwest will experience increases roughly inline with the national average.

These increases could exert upward pressure on wages more broadly, even for those workers earning above the minimum wage. Wage growth has been a critical data point to the Fed as a signal of inflationary pressure, particularly in the services industries. Average hourly earnings have rolled over in the last four jobs reports and a one-time acceleration due to state minimum wage increases in January should not be interpreted as a sign that the Fed is losing its battle with inflation. The broader dynamic of slower wage growth and moderating inflation is still intact, supporting a smaller 0.25% rate hike at the FOMC meeting this week.

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